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Yuan Likely Continues to Consolidate amid NPC; China Still Looks to Avoid a Trade War



Yuan Likely Continues to Consolidate amid NPC; China Still Looks to Avoid a Trade War

Fundamental Forecast for CNH: Neutral

  • China’s NPC released detailed agenda for the top monetary and fiscal policymakers.
  • China’s low share in U.S. steel imports helps to reduce impact from Trump’s new tariffs.
  • Sending high-level delegates and maintaining conversations hint China wants to avoid a “trade war”.

How to trade the news? Learn it with Free Trading Guides!

The offshore Yuan against the U.S. Dollar continued to consolidate this week, marking the sixth week in a row after it hit the 2.5-year high level in early February. In the coming week, two themes will continue to dominate the Chinese news wire: the elevated tensions in trade with the U.S. after Trump administration launched the sweeping tariffs on steel and aluminium. And the on-going National People’s Congress (NPC) meetings – a full agenda has been released with events from president election to PBOC governor appointment.

Trump’s newly-introduced 25% steel tariff and 10% aluminium tariff will inevitably bring negative impact to China, but there are two important questions to ask: How much will China get hurt? And is there going to be a trade war?

Regarding the first question, China is the largest steel exporter and produced 49.2% of the world’s steel in 2017, according to World Steel Association. However, the U.S. was not one of China’s top exporting countries for steel; the top ten countries were all Asian countries including South Korea, Vietnam and Philippines. For the U.S., China was neither its largest steel source. Canada, European Union (EU), Brazil and South Korea sold most steel to the U.S. and China only accounted for about 2%. As Canada is exempted from the new tariffs, EU will be the one to get the largest hit.

For China, overcapacity is not a new topic. Since 2015, the country has already set supply-side reformsas a top target, including cuts in raw material productions. At the same time, the nation is also developing new strategies to export excessive products to where they are in need. For instance, One-Belt, One-Road Initiative is designated to strengthen China’s connection with its neighbouring countries through infrastructure investments in those countries. This will help China to export steel, cement and aluminium. As China is already working on alternative solutions for overcapacity and China’s share in U.S steel imports is small, the impact of Trump’s new tariffs is expected to be limited to China.

While Trump’s administration takes on the “American First” policy, imposing tariffs could only be a start. Then, is there going to be a trade war between the U.S. and China? Remember a war needs two parties. In February, China sent two delegates to Washington D.C., in the effort to ease trade tensions: Yang Jiechi, a top diplomat and former Foreign Minister, and Liu He, a top economic advisor and the front-runner of PBOC governor. After Trump signed the tariff proclamations, China’s Commerce Ministry criticized it publicly. Yet, Trump also had a call with Chinese President Xi Jinping on North Korea issues the next day. For China, it will address its stands; at the same time, a more rational choice will be continue to ease conflicts rather than creating more, as the country is already busy dealing with a large amount of domestic issues.

In terms of theNPC meetings, China has released moderate economic targets for 2018. The top sessions to watch over the following days are the decisions on new Chinese government leaders. It is not uncommon to see drops in Yuan’s volatility around key events such as NPC meetings. However, once the top policymakers are determined, their measures could largely impact the Yuan rate and thus getting to know them is crucial.

Upcoming Top Sessions on NPC’s Agenda

March 11th, Sunday

3pmVote for the amendment of the Constitution

Why it is important: two-year term limitation for president is to be removed.

March 17th, Saturday

9amElection of President and Vice President

Why it is important: top executive leaders will be decided.

Election of the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the NPC

Why it is important: top legislative leaders will be decided.

3pmNomination for the Premier

March 18th, Sunday

9amAppointment of the Premier

Why it is important: top executive leaders will be decided.

Election of the President of the Supreme People’s Court and the President of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate

Why it is important: top judicial leaders will be decided.

March 19th, Monday

9amAppointment of ministers, minister-level heads, including PBOC Governor

Why it is important: China’s Central Bank determines the country’s monetary policy. Ministry of Finance and State Administration of Taxation decide the fiscal policy.

March 20th, Tuesday

9amVote for the government work report

New President’s speech

Why it is important: The new president will deliver his first speech. Despite that major economic targets have already been released in the government work report. The president’s speech could cover international relations and trade topics.


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EURUSD Elliott Wave from February 2018 Concludes




EURUSD Elliott Wave at high probability the bottom is in

We began building our short EURUSD position in two separate occasions from April 10 at 1.2350 and April 26 at 1.2153 in anticipation of a developing bearish impulse wave. Though our first target of 1.1554 was hit on May 29, the bearish impulse wave appeared incomplete. As of May 29, we could count three of the five Elliott Wave impulse waves lower, which implied a fourth wave correction and fifth wave sell off still to come.

EURUSD bearish impulse wave concludes with elliott wave labels shown.

On August 6, we closed down half of the position (booking +791 pips) and tightened the stop loss on the remaining short EURUSD to 1.1750. We are now going to tighten the stop loss further as evidence is growing the bearish impulse wave from February 2018 has ended or is about to end with one more dip. Therefore, we are moving the stop loss on the remaining short EURUSD position to the August 6 low of 1.1530.

If EURUSD pops above 1.1530, then we will gladly book the remaining profits and head to the sidelines as EURUSD may be in the beginning stages of a multi-month rally that may drive to 1.17-1.22.

Elliott Wave Theory FAQ

What Elliott Wave is EURUSD in right now?

Our analysis points to a bearish impulse wave ending from February 2018 to August 15, 2018. This bearish impulse wave is likely wave 1 of a larger bearish impulse wave or wave A of a larger zigzag wave.

Our beginner and advanced Elliott Wave guides share with you typical waveforms and structure that include tips on how to trade with the waves.

Why do traders lose money?

Regardless of the style of analysis, many traders do lose money because they do not take the time to study the market and the effect of leverage. At DailyFX, we have studied millions of live trades and boiled our study down into a Traits of Successful Traders guide. You will find how leverage and human nature affects our trading so you can implement tactics like ones described in the trading idea above.

New to FX trading? We created this guide just for you.

—Written by Jeremy Wagner, CEWA-M

Jeremy Wagner is a Certified Elliott Wave Analyst with a Master’s designation. Jeremy provides Elliott Wave analysis on key markets as well as Elliott Wave educational resources. Read more of Jeremy’s Elliott Wave reports via his bio page.

Communicate with Jeremy and have your shout below by posting in the comments area. Feel free to include your Elliott Wave count as well.

Discuss this market with Jeremy in Monday’s US Opening Bell webinar.

Follow on twitter @JWagnerFXTrader .

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Australian Dollar May Get Some Respite If Only For Lack Of News





Fundamental Australian Dollar Forecast: Neutral

AUD Talking Points

  • The Australian Dollar remains in a pervasive downtrend against its US cousin
  • Interest rate differentials and twitchy risk appetite will probably ensure it stays ther
  • But this week could offer some pause

Find out what retail foreign exchange traders make of the Australian Dollar’s prospects right now, in real time, at the DailyFX Sentiment Page

The Australian Dollar faces multiple sources of downward pressure but the coming week’s light economic data schedule may offer it some probably temporary reprieve.

The widening interest rate differential in favor of the US Dollar does not appear to be going anywhere soon. Reserve Bank of Australia Governor Phillip Lowe testified before Parliament last week that, although the RBA still thinks the next move, when it comes, will be a rise, there’s no near-term case for any such move.

Indeed local futures markets do not now price in any change to the record-low, 1.50% Official Cash Rate until at least the start of 2020.

But the Aussie’s worries go a little deeper than simple rate comparisons. Risk aversion sparked first by global trade worries and then by thy collapse of the Turkish Lira has also weighed on the growth-linked currency. Morever, signs that the best of China’s growth for the year may now be behind us have also done it no favours. Official industrial production and capital investment data out of China missed forecasts significantly last week. They were also the first look at figures for July, and suggested that 2018’s second half may well be tougher than its first, with or without a trade settlement between Washington and Beijing.

So, given all of the above the Australian Dollar backdrop looks just about as gloomy as ever, especially as the markets also suspect that the RBA doesn’t mind its weakness at all given how often it talks about a weaker currency making growth and inflation goals easier to hit.

But the week doesn’t offer much in the way of Australian economic numbers. We will get the minutes of the last RBA monetary policy meeting. However, seeing as investors heard from the governor himself only a few days ago, scope for big moves on the minutes would seem very limited.

Make no mistake, the Australian Dollar is still biased lower against its US big brother, but it has been hit fairly hard in the last couple of weeks. The coming sessions could offer some breathing space and consolidation so it’s a neutral call.


Resources for Traders

Whether you’re new to trading or an old hand DailyFX has plenty of resources to help you. There’s our trading sentiment indicator which shows you live how IG clients are positioned right now. We also hold educational and analytical webinars and offer trading guides, with one specifically aimed at those new to foreign exchange markets. There’s also a Bitcoin guide. Be sure to make the most of them all. They were written by our seasoned trading experts and they’re all free.

— Written by David Cottle, DailyFX Research

Follow David on Twitter@DavidCottleFX or use the Comments section below to get in touch!

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Chinese Yuan, Hong Kong Dollar Eye on Central Banks’ Defense At Key Levels




USD/CNH chart


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  • PBOC stepped in twice when the USD/CNH broke above 6.90, a key threshold below 7.0.
  • US-China Trade war and weak Chinese fundamentals add difficulties to support the Yuan.
  • USD/HKD touched the lower limit of 7.85, a level that HKMA will continue to defend.

The offshore Chinese Yuan gained against the U.S. Dollar this week after nine consecutive losses, amid the PBOC’s further intervention to defend the Yuan. Overall, the Chinese currency rose against seven of the G10 currencies, except the CAD, JPY and NZD. The Hong Kong Dollar, used in one of China’s autonomous territories, touched the lower band of its pegged currency regime and triggered local monetary authority’s intervention. Looking forward, both currencies will continue to eye on policymakers for support, amid both internal and external pressure.

PBOC Watches USD/CNH’s Key Levels of 6.9 & 7.0

China’s Central Bank shut down channels for commercial banks to deposit or lend the Yuan to the offshore market through the free trade zone scheme, after the USD/CNH jumped above 6.90 on Wednesday. This basically tightened the offshore Yuan liquidity and increased the cost of Yuan short. Following the move, the USD/CNH fell back below 6.90.

USD/CNH 1-Week

Chinese Yuan, Hong Kong Dollar Eye on Central Banks' Defense At Key Levels

Two weeks, the PBOC hiked the reserve requirement ratio on FX forwards last week, after the USD/CNH hit above 6.90 for the first time in 15 months. Breaking above this level could spark further selling sentiment, as it approaches the record low level of 6.9865 for the Yuan. In addition, it leaves little buffer area before the rate can touch the critical psychological level of 7.0. The last time the Yuan at 7.0 was more than 10 years ago, even before the offshore Yuan exchange rate regime was introduced.

The PBOC has clearly stated in the Q2 report that it will counter against the excessive selling in the Yuan driven by sentiment. Coupled with resumed plunges in Chinese equities seen this week (Shanghai Composite Index dipped to 17-month low), calming markets will be one of the policymaker’s top priorities next week. Besides the above two uncommon measures, the regulator issues the daily reference rate, which has been held below 6.90 as well.

Challenges to Defend the Yuan

Uncertainties around the US-China trade war remain. The two parties will resume negotiations in late August but both have become cautious, with only Vice Ministers attending the meetings; this is downgraded from Minister-level-and-above meetings seen in April and May, when the two sides failed to reach a consensus. At the same time, the tit-for-tat attacks are underway: US tariffs on $16 billion Chinese goods, the second batch of a total $50 billion, will enter effect on August 23; China’s retaliation on the same amount of US goods will follow immediately. The uneased tensions in trade could dampen market sentiment in the Yuan.

China’s fundamentals are less likely to help much either. The July Retail Sales and Industrial Production both dropped from the last month and below expectations, hinting weak consumption and production. In addition, Fixed Assets Investment, which is considered to expand at around the same rate of GDP, set a new record-low of 5.5% in July. Besides the domestic difficulties, the contagion of high volatility in emerging-market currencies seen recently has the Yuan at risk as well.

HKMA Eyes on USD/HKD’s Key Level of 7.85

The USD/HKD touched 7.85, the lower limit for the Hong Kong Dollar’s trading band under the current pegged exchange rate regime. In order to maintain the regime, Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA), which serves as an independent central bank in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, purchased a total of HK$16.8 billion during three consecutive days from August 14. This is equivalent to sell US$2.1 billion to the market.

Read More: A Tale of Two Currencies: Hong Kong Dollar and Chinese Yuan

The recent plunge in emerging market currencies was a trigger to the Hong Kong Dollar’s weakness this week. Yet, the main contributor was the widened interest rate spread between the HKD and USD. Since the U.S. Fed began to increase rate in late March, the pressure on the Hong Kong Dollar has become intensified.

USD/HKD 1-Week

Chinese Yuan, Hong Kong Dollar Eye on Central Banks' Defense At Key Levels

On April 12, the USD/HKD hit 7.85 for the first time in 35 years. This triggered HKMA’s intervention for the first time since HKD’s trading band of 7.75 to 7.85 was set in 2005. Since then, the monetary authority has stepped in 18 times and purchased a total of HK$87.1 billion (US$11.1 billion) from the market. This cost about 2% of Hong Kong’s foreign reserves (US$424.3 billion, according to the July figure).

Next week, with the Jackson Hole meeting and FOMC minutes underway, the Hong Kong Dollar will likely continue to bear downward pressure, which means HKMA will need to continue to sell the USD and purchase the HKD to maintain the pegged exchange rate regime.

— Written by Renee Mu, Currency Analyst with DailyFX

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