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- Italian Assets underperform over Italian political concerns
- Geopolitical tensions rise as North Korea abruptly cancels South Korean summit
EUR: Investors have had a first glimpse of the concerns that a populist coalition poses with reports stating that the League and 5 Star Party are looking for a EUR 250bln debt relief from the ECB, while also looking at a mechanism by which nations can leave the Euro. Subsequently, the Euro has been the notable underperformer amid the near 20bps of widening between German and Italian yield spreads as Italy’s new government looks to be on a collision course with the EU. In turn, EURUSD made a break through 1.18 with the 1.17 now on the cards, while EURJPY is looking at making a move towards YTD lows (128.94).
USD: As a by-product of the Euro weakness the initial losses in the greenback have been pared and as such the USD-index has posted fresh YTD highs. As markets continue to focus on rate differentials in favour of the USD, particularly after yesterday saw 10yr bond yields rise above taper tantrum highs the currency looks intent on making a move towards 94.00 before the highs seen in December at 94.22.
JPY: Dampened risk sentiment has supported the JPY against its major counterparts. Overnight, North Korea seemingly had a change of heart after abruptly cancelling its South Korean summit and threatening to withdraw from the meeting President Trump is the demands from the US are one sided. USDJPY failing to garner significant buying interest above 110, while the losses in EURJPY are leading the advances in the JPY with pair trading with losses of 0.7%.
DailyFX Economic Calendar: Wednesday, May 16, 2018 – North American Releases
DailyFX Webinar Calendar: Wednesday, May 16, 2018
IG Client Sentiment Index: EURUSD chart of the day
EURUSD: Data shows 55.4% of traders are net-long with the ratio of traders long to short at 1.24 to 1. In fact, traders have remained net-long since Apr 30 when EURUSD traded near 1.208; price has moved 2.1% lower since then. The number of traders net-long is 1.4% higher than yesterday and 2.9% higher from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 7.3% lower than yesterday and 1.5% higher from last week.
We typically take a contrarian view to crowd sentiment, and the fact traders are net-long suggests EURUSD prices may continue to fall. Traders are further net-long than yesterday and last week, and the combination of current sentiment and recent changes gives us a stronger EURUSD-bearish contrarian trading bias.
Five Things Traders are Reading
- “JPY Looking Attractive on Rising Risks Posed by North Korea and Italy” by Justin McQueen, Market Analyst
- “Cryptocurrencies – Prices Edge Lower, Ranges Forming | Webinar” by Nick Cawley, Market Analyst
- “Trading Outlook for USD, EUR/USD, GBP-Pairs, Gold Price & More” by Paul Robinson, Market Analyst
- “Political Risk in Italy Returns to Haunt EUR, BTPs and Italian Stocks”by Martin Essex, MSTA, Analyst and Editor
- “EURUSD Bounces May Attract the Bears” by Nick Cawley, Market Analyst
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— Written by Justin McQueen, Market Analyst
US Sanctions Against Iran May Spark 1970s-Style Oil Crisis Fears
TALKING POINTS – Iran, Sanctions, CRUDE Oil, Trump, Emerging markets
- US oil export sanctions against Iran will be enforced on November 4th
- Net-importers in emerging markets likely to suffer from higher prices
- 1970’s oil crisis, embargo may haunt markets as Trump buckles down
The Trump administration’s trade wars and economic nationalism have caused severe volatility for most of 2018. The White House also withdrew from the 2015 multilateral Iran nuclear deal – known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action – in May, and has re-imposed sanctions. The most devastating will be an oil embargo that is scheduled to be take effect on November 4th.
In the 1970’s, the US imposed an oil embargo against Iran that led to a surge in prices. The jump in energy costs radically affected markets. The US – which at the time was coming on the heels of massive public spending programs– had its inflationary pressure skyrocket.
The administration’s public spending agenda, coupled with the sanctions against Iran, echo a dangerously similar narrative the world saw 39 years ago.
1979 OIL CRISIS
In 1979 – amid the turmoil of the Iranian Revolution – political radicals stormed the US Embassy and took 52 Americans hostage. In response, US President Jimmy Carter froze billions of dollars’ worth of Iranian assets in the United States and enforced an oil embargo.
The decrease in oil exports – adding to growing fears of further disruptions – caused prices to climb. Adjusted for inflation, the price per barrel stood at around $55 in 1978. In 1979, the cost skyrocketed to $97 and peaked at $122 in 1980. In 1981, the hostages were released and the price began to fall.
See our full interactive history of trade wars here.
Some economists and historians argue that “precautionary demand” was an influential contributing factor to the increased cost of oil. This same fear may be rearing its ugly ahead again today.
2018 OIL EMBARGO ON IRAN
After unilaterally pulling out of the nuclear deal – due to allegations that Iran was not cooperating with the International Atomic Agency – the Trump administration hit Tehran with two waves of sanctions. The first included a ban on any transactions involving the US Dollar, gold, precious metals, aluminum, steel, commercial passenger aircraft and coal. The White House has also banned imports of Iranian carpets and foodstuffs.
The second wave will be the oil embargo. Trump warned that anybody who conducted business in the Iranian market would face “severe consequences”. The ban requires that all importers have to immediately cut off their supply from Iran by November 4th. Any countries that violate the ban face the possibility of sanctions. The EU responded by pledging to protect European firms by activating a blocking statute established in 1996. It allows European businesses to operate under US sanctions without incurring any penalties.
The EU’s defiance to the US adds to the growing tension between allies amid the escalating trade wars. The sanctions also empower hardliners in the Iranian government. This makes the possibility of repairing relations and easing international tension much more difficult.
EFFECT ON MARKETS
If the US imposes sanctions or tariffs against the EU for conducting business with Iran, they will almost certainly retaliate. In that event, sentiment-linked assets are likely to suffer and anti-risk currencies like the Japanese Yen or Swiss Franc will probably rise.
Euro Falling on Trump’s Iran Sanctions Announcement
Crude oil has reached a four-year high, with the Brent benchmark trading at around $84/barrel. Rising prices are damaging for net importers in emerging markets. If Trump digs his heels in and commits to limiting Iran’s oil exports, emerging markets are likely to suffer.
Indonesian Rupiah and South African Rand vs the Dollar and Rising Oil Prices
— Written by Dimitri Zabelin, Jr Currency Analyst for DailyFX.com
To contact Dimitri, use the comments section below or @ZabelinDimitrion Twitter
GBP/USD Gaps Lower on Brexit Stall, Eyes CPI and Carney Speech
- GBP gapped lower versus USD, responding to Theresa May’s rejecting of an exit deal
- GBP/USD’s downside momentum continues dominant downtrend for majority of 2018
- Key economic data and BOE Gov. Carney’s speech may further influence the British Pound
Find out what retail traders’ British Pound buy and sell decisions say about the coming price trend!
The British Pound fell against the US Dollar during weekend trading as Brexit negotiations between the United Kingdom and the European Union hit an impasse. UK Prime Minister Theresa May’s Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab and EU Chief Negotiation Michael Barnier were unable to reach an agreement on a draft treaty, leading PM May to label the deal a “non-starter”. Barnier later mentioned that some key issues remain open, including the Irish backstop.
GBP/USD 1-Hour Chart
This is the latest in ongoing Brexit turmoil, and could possibly bode ill for the Sterling’s recent upside momentum. If a deal is not reached, the United Kingdom would exit the EU and be subject to World Trade Organization rules, potentially causing declines in GBP. Furthermore, longstanding political uncertainty and tensions regarding Brexit have caused the GBP to weaken for the majority of this year. Furthermore, an increasingly hawkish Federal Reserve and haven demand amidst EM contagion fears and trade wars have caused the greenback to strengthen, intensifying the currency pair’s bearish action since April 2018.
GBP/USD Daily Chart
Looking ahead, this is a week of high economic activity for the British Pound. On Wednesday, the UK Statistics Office will release consumer inflation data for the month of September. In addition, Bank of England Governor Mark Carney is set to give a speech on Thursday, with forward guidance possibly dictating next moves for the Pound. However, ongoing Brexit negotiations will continue to take center stage and overshadow economic data’s influence on the Sterling. Developments upcoming summit of European Union leaders focusing on Brexit could cause volatility shocks to the currency pair.
GBP/USD Trading Resources
— Written by Megha Torpunuri, DailyFX Research Team
Unsteady Risk Trends Increase Scrutiny on China, Italy and Brexit
Market participants will return with caution this week. Following the rout in speculative assets from shares to emerging markets to Yen crosses, there is an understandable tension amongst investors. In this environment troubling news in trade wars, Chinese growth, Euro-area stability or any number of key themes can readily find traction.
Fresh developments coming out of the U.S. economy may curb the recent selloff in USD/JPY as Federal Reserve officials see a risk for above-neutral interest rates.
After trading to four year highs to open the month, Crude has come off the highs along with risk sentiment, but you crude appears to have fundamental support that could keep bulls confident.
It may be uncomfortable but sitting on the fence is the best place to be ahead of next week’s Brexit updates and EU Summit
Gold was the beneficiary of safe haven demand this week after the Dow lost over 1,300 points in just two days.
The Australian Dollar held up quite well to the intensification of one or two factors which have stymied it this year. Don’t rely on that continuing
China’s weak economic growth could add more bearish momentum to the Yuan; at the same time, Chinese regulators may try to avoid extreme volatility.
See what live coverage is scheduled to cover key event risk for the FX and capital markets on the DailyFX Webinar Calendar.
See how retail traders are positioning in the majors using the IG Client Sentiment readings on the sentiment page.
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